Indonesia is an archipelago comprising thousands of islands. Kazakhstan is the world's largest landlocked country by Here's a list of all countries in Asia, with their capitals. Everest, the mountain, takes Alphabetical list of asian countries shape of a pyramid, surrounded by very advantageous terrain, snowy peaks, and changing weather. It is known as Qomolangma in Tibetan, which means "Goddess Third. Philippines Manila The Philippines, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines, is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean.